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Journal of Economic Integration 2024 March;39(1) :55-85.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11130/jei.2024008
Monetary Integration Effects on Foreign Direct Investments in New EU Member States

Ismar Velić 1 and Igor Cvečić 1

1Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Rijeka, Croatia
Corresponding Author: Ismar Velić ,Email: ismar.velic@efri.uniri.hr
Copyright ©2024 Journal of Economic Integration
ABSTRACT
This study examines the impact of accession to the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) on foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows in the 11 New Member States (NMS), during the period 2005-2018. Using panel regression analysis and the gravity model, the influence of macroeconomic indicators on FDI outflows from 21 industrialised countries (including EU and non-European counties, such as Japan and USA) to the NMS is assessed. The empirical results suggest that favourable macroeconomic indicators in the NMS, such as a stable exchange rate, lower inflation, long-term interest rates and EU/EMU membership, are positively correlated with FDI inflows from NMS. Conversely, rising inflation and exchange rate volatility in the NMS are negatively associated with FDI inflows, while inflation in the FDI origin countries is positively correlated with investment in the NMS. The results suggest that joining the EMU has a statistically significant and positive relationship on FDI inflows to the NMS.

JEL Classification
F21: International Investment; Long Term Capital Movements
F15: Economic Integration
E12: Keynes; Keynesian; Post Keynesian
N31: U.S.; Canada: Pre 1913
C23: Models with Panel Data; Longitudinal Data; Spatial Time Series
Keywords: foreign direct investments - FDI | monetary integration | European economic integration (EU and EMU) | gravity model | panel-regression analysis
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