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Journal of Economic Integration 2022 June;37(2) :235-266.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11130/jei.2022.37.2.235
Measuring Agricultural Trade Integration in Southeast Asia

Antoine Bouët1 Aziz Elbehri2 Duc Bao Nguyen3 Fousseini Traoré 4

1IFPRI and Bordeaux School of Economics, USA
2Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation(FAO), Bangkok
3VNU University of Economics and Business, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, Viet Nam
4IFPRI-Dakar, USA
Corresponding Author: Antoine Bouët ,Email: a.bouet@cgiar.org
Copyright ©2022 Journal of Economic Integration
ABSTRACT
This paper offers an evaluation of agricultural trade integration in Southeast Asia. Since the ultimate objective is to provide policy recommendations, the indicators presented include those obtained from a measurement based on trade barriers: tariffs applied on imports, tariffs faced by exports, customs procedures and trade facilitation measures, and nontariff measures. A new estimation of the trade impact of nontariff measures in the agrifood sector is provided, based on refinements to the methodology of Kee, Nicita, and Olarreaga (2009) and Ghodsi, Grübler, and Stehrer (2016a). Globally, the Southeast Asian region appears to be relatively open to the world, but regional integration could be strengthened, particularly in the agriculture and food sectors. Specifically, a convergence of Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures and Technical Barriers to Trade measures could achieve more integration.

JEL Classification
F14: Empirical Studies of Trade
F15: Economic Integration
Keywords: Trade integration | Trade indicators | Southeast Asia | Non-Tariff measures
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