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Journal of Economic Integration 2023 December;38(4) :602-627.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11130/jei.2023.38.4.602
Energy Transition, Human Development and Energy Justice in the Southern Countries

Houssem Eddine Hmida1,2 Serge Rey 1

1UMR-CNRS 6031 TREE, Energy and Environmental Transition, University of Pau et Pays de l'Adour-France, France
1,2UMR-CNRS 6031 TREE, Energy and Environmental Transition, University of Pau et Pays de l'Adour-France, France, LIEI, Laboratory of International Economic Integration, FSEGT, University Tunis El Manar, Tunisia
Corresponding Author: Serge Rey ,Email: serge.rey@univ-pau.fr
Copyright ©2023 Journal of Economic Integration
ABSTRACT
Energy poverty deteriorates the human capital and the growth potential in the developing and emerging countries. We estimate the long-run effect of electricity access, modern renewable energy consumption, and traditional renewable energy consumption on human development (index). We use an AutoRegressive Distributed Lag/ARDL model based on pooled mean group estimation for a panel of 44 southern countries, representing three energy-poor regions of the world over the period 1990-2018. By distinguishing two groups of countries according to their level of HDI, we show that it exists a positive and significant relationship between electricity access and human development in countries with low and medium HDI and a positive effect of modern renewable energy on the level of human development in countries with higher HDI. In addition, the estimations reveal a significant negative effect of conventional renewable energy use on human development for the two countries groups.

JEL Classification
C23: Models with Panel Data; Longitudinal Data; Spatial Time Series
I30: General
O10: General
Q40: General
Keywords: Energy justice | Energy Access | Electricity Access | Modern Renewable Energy | Traditional Renewable Energy | Human Development
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