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Journal of Economic Integration 2022 June;37(2) :179-215.
Economic Effects of Macao’s Integration with Mainland China: A Causal Inference Study

Cruz A. EchevarríaSerhat HasancebiJavier García-Enríquez 

University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Spain
Corresponding Author: Serhat Hasancebi ,Email:
Copyright ©2022 Journal of Economic Integration
Macao was a Portuguese colony until 1999, when its sovereignty was transferred to China, initiating its integration process. This article attempts to estimate the consequences of this socio-economic process in terms of per capita gross domestic product (GDP). We build a panel data set spanning 1970 to 2012, with 25 countries, setting 2000 as the initial treatment year for the integration process. The analysis is carried out through two alternative methodologies: the synthetic control method and the panel data approach. The integration treatment had a significant, positive effect on Macao’s per capita GDP. As additional outcome variables, we also analyze the effects of integration on the per capita net inflow of foreign direct investment, the unemployment rate, and the per capita exports and imports of goods and services.

JEL Classification
C14: Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
C15: Statistical Simulation Methods: General
C20: General
C34: Truncated and Censored Models; Switching Regression Models
Keywords: comparative case studies | synthetic control method | panel data approach | causal inference | integration | Macao
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On Effects of Market Integration on Technology Choice  2006 September;21(3)
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