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Journal of Economic Integration 2022 March;37(1) :1-29.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11130/jei.2022.37.1.1
Do Japan’s Free Trade Agreements Increase Its International Trade?

Mitsuyo Ando1 Shujiro Urata2 Kenta Yamanouchi 3

1Keio University, Japan
2Waseda University, Japan
3Kagawa University, Japan
Corresponding Author: Mitsuyo Ando ,Email: m-ando@fbc.keio.ac.jp
Copyright ©2022 Journal of Economic Integration
ABSTRACT
This study analyzes the impacts of free trade agreements (FTAs) on bilateral trade, focusing on Japan’s FTAs. In particular, we examined both static and dynamic effects at the aggregated and disaggregated levels, using two datasets between 1995 and 2016 for Japanese trade only and world trade. For the static analysis, we investigated the overall impacts and the effect of individual FTAs. Regarding dynamic analysis, we considered the time since their enactment. Our results indicate that the impacts are heterogeneous among Japan’s FTAs and products, with a trade creation effect for some FTA partners. Moreover, our findings reveal that the trade creation effect is probably overestimated when trade between the third countries is not considered. We also found a positive dynamic effect for some products. Such a dynamic effect may emerge due to a longer time for firms to understand FTAs and learn their use and the gradual tariff reduction for some products.

JEL Classification
F13: Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
F14: Empirical Studies of Trade
F15: Economic Integration
Keywords: free trade agreements | Japan | gravity model | trade creation effects | dynamic effects
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