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Journal of Economic Integration 2021 December;36(4) :607-625.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11130/jei.2021.36.4.607
Impact of Backward Linkages and Domestic Contents of Exports on Labor Productivity and Employment: Evidence from Japanese Industrial Data

Mohamedou Nasser dine1 Tengku Munawar Chalil12

1Osaka University, Japan
1,2Institut Teknologi, Indonesia
Corresponding Author: Mohamedou Nasser dine ,Email: n-mohamedou@osipp.osaka-u.ac.jp
Copyright ©2021 Journal of Economic Integration
ABSTRACT
This study examines how backward linkages (foreign value added [FVA] exports) and domestic value-added (DVA) exports impact industry-level labor productivity and employment in Japan by estimating a static and dynamic panel model using data drawn from the World Input-Output Dataset and Socio-Economic Accounts. We find that the domestic content of trade is a key driver of productivity and employment in Japan for all industries, while backward linkages lead to declining productivity and foster labor displacement. A sectoral analysis reveals that productivity benefits most of the backward linkages and domestic value-added exports in the manufacturing industry but weakens as the backward linkages increase in the service industry. We find that the DVA exports variable promotes employment, whereas the FVA variable displaces it.

JEL Classification
F14: Empirical Studies of Trade
F16: Trade and Labor Market Interactions
F66: Labor
Keywords: GVC participation | labor productivity | employment
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