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Journal of Economic Integration 2019 June;34(2) :327-345.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11130/jei.2019.34.2.327
Chinese Exports and Non-Tariff Measures: Testing for Heterogeneous Effects at the Product Level
Jacopo Timini and 1
Marina Conesa 2
1Banco de España, Spain
2Inter-American Development Bank, US
Corresponding Author: Jacopo Timini ,Email: jacopo.timini@gmail.com
Copyright ©2019 Journal of Economic Integration
ABSTRACT
With international trade tariffs at historically low levels today, non-tariff measures (NTMs) play an important—and growing—role in global trade policy. Concerns about shifts in global trade policy agendas are on the rise. In this paper, we rely on a gravity model and focus on Chinese exports with two aims: the first is to test for heterogeneous effects of technical NTMs versus non-technical NTMs; the second is to verify whether the NTM’s effect is influenced by the type of good (final good vs. intermediate or capital good). We find that: 1) technical NTMs tend to have positive effects on trade flows, potentially driven by improvements in consumers’ confidence and by the technical capacities of Chinese exporters and 2) non-technical NTMs are particularly stringent for final goods, possibly due to political economy reasons or substitution effects.

JEL Classification
F13: Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
F14: Empirical Studies of Trade
Keywords: International trade | Trade policy | Non-tariff measures | Gravity model
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