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Journal of Economic Integration 2006 March;21(1) :120-146.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11130/jei.2006.21.1.120
Technical Barriers, Import Licenses and Tariffs as Means of Limiting Market Access
Jan G. JØrgensen and 
Philipp J.H. Schröder 
University of Southern Denmark
Aarhus School of Business
Copyright ©2006 Journal of Economic Integration
ABSTRACT

Technical barriers (standards), import licenses and tariffs may be deployed as means of limiting the market access of foreign firms. The present paper examines these measures in a setting of monopolistic competition. We find that, if protection focuses predominantly on the number of foreign firms accessing the domestic market, a technical barrier (an import license) may dominate a tariff (tariff and a technical barrier) in terms of consumer welfare, even when tariff revenues are fully redistributed. However, if protection pays sucfficient focus on limiting the total import volume, then tariffs are the preferred means of protection. Within the model, reductions in technical barriers and tariffs, the removal of licensing schemes, and a harmonization of standards are all welfare-improving policies.

JEL Classifications: F12, F15

Keywords: non-tariff barriers | technical trade barriers | standards | import licenses | monopolistic competition
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