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Journal of Economic Integration 2011 March;26(1) :169-196.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11130/jei.2011.26.1.169
Non-Tariff Measures: What Do We Know, What Might Be Done?
Céline Carrère and 
Jaime De Melo 
CERDI and University of Geneva
University of Geneva and FERDI
Copyright ©2011 Journal of Economic Integration
ABSTRACT

With the reduction in tariff barriers, Non-tariff and behind-the-border measures (NTM and BTB) have increased in importance. This paper surveys the state of knowledge with the view to drawing implications for policy suggestions to reduce those NTM barriers that are welfare reducing. Following a description of data bases and their shortcomings, the paper reviews the state of understanding on the effects of NTMs on trade flows. The more difficult issue of translating these effects into welfare implications are covered next. The paper concludes with different approaches at reducing NTMs.

JEL Classification: F1, F13, O24, O5

Keywords: NTBs | NTMs | Trade Restriction
 
REFERENCE
1. Anderson, J., J. Bergstrand, P. Egger, and J. Francois (2008), Non-Tariff Barrier Study Methodology, mimeo ECORYS.
2. Anderson, J. and E. Van Wincoop (2004), Trade Costs, Journal of Economic Literature, 42(3), 691-751.
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