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Journal of Economic Integration 2001 March;16(1) :21-47.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11130/jei.2001.16.1.21
A Dynamic Evaluation of the Effects of A Free Trade Area of the Americas-An Intertemporal, Global General Equilibrium Model
Xinshen Diao and 
Agapi Somwaru 
International Food Policy Research Institute
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Services
Copyright ©2001 Journal of Economic Integration
ABSTRACT
This study examines the dynamic effects of a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) on the countries within the Western Hemisphere. The analysis uses an intertemporal, global, multi-sector general equilibrium model which takes into account changes in saving-investment, capital accumulation, and the linkages between openness in trade and economic growth. The study finds that the developing countries in the hemisphere may not enjoy welfare gain from an FTAA if they trade more with non-hemisphere countries and if trade-diverting effects dominate trade-creating effects. Taking into account the total factor productivity (TFP)-trade linkages, however, all developing countries in the region would benefit from an FTAA. The direct effects of an FTAA on the U.S. and Canada are modest, while the indirect effects of an FTAA, i.e., the effects on U.S. and Canadian firms to invest in their neighboring countries, are strong.
Keywords: FTAA | Trade | Global Dynamic Applied General Equilibrium | Trade Bloc
 
REFERENCE
1. Grossman, G., and E. Helpman. (1991) Innovation and Growth in the Global Economy. Cambridge, MA, USA and London, MIT Press.
2. Coe, D.T., E. Helpman, and A.W. Hoffmaister (1997) "North-South R&D Spillovers," The Economic Journal. 107, 134-149.
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