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Journal of Economic Integration 2014 September;29(3) :520-562.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11130/jei.2014.29.3.520
Regional Integration of Agricultural Trade in Southern Africa : Infatuation or Real Need?
Alejandro Nin-Pratt and 
Xinshen Diao 
International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC, USA
Corresponding Author: Alejandro Nin-Pratt ,Tel: +202 8625689, Fax: +202 4674439, Email: a.ninpratt@cgiar.org
Copyright ©2014 Journal of Economic Integration
ABSTRACT
The potential benefit of several regional integration initiatives undertook by African countries in recent years is a contentious issue that is continuously being debated. This article assesses the impact of a free trade agreement between member countries of the Southern African Development Community on agriculture. Findings show negative welfare results for regional importers because of the increased imports from inefficient regional producers, who are the major beneficiaries of the agreement. To enhance the benefits gained, the region should implement regional policies beyond trade arrangements, such as those enhancing investment, agricultural productivity, and product diversification.

JEL Classification
F15: Economic Integration
O13: Agriculture; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Other Primary Products
Q17: Agriculture in International Trade
Q18: Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
Keywords: Free Trade Agreement | Southern Africa | Agriculture
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