Register  |  Login  |  Inquiries  |  Sitemap
Advanced Search
Journal of Economic Integration 2013 September;28(3) :457-481.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11130/jei.2013.28.3.457
Internationalization in Tertiary Education: Intra-European Students Mobility
Nikos P. Rachaniotis
Filareti Kotsi and 
George M. Agiomirgianakis 
Hellenic Open University, Patras, Greece
Zayed University, Dubai, UAE
Corresponding Author: Nikos P. Rachaniotis ,Tel: +30 6938187625, Email: nraxan@unipi.gr
Copyright ©2013 Journal of Economic Integration
ABSTRACT
The enhanced internationalization and mobility of European students reflects an undoubtedly important aspect of human capital investment. This paper examines the internationalization of European students in tertiary education and the factors that determine the probability of a student moving to a European country other than their own. The main goals of the Bologna Process and a framework of definitions of student mobility are presented, as well as factors that may motivate and hamper this process. A linear regression model of the market shares of intra- European students and a linear regression model of the ratios of foreign incoming/outgoing students of European countries are estimated. Finally, a Classification and Regression Tree (CART) algorithm is applied in order to explain the reasoning behind the decisions of students for long-term study abroad. The paper suggests that policy measures towards increasing student mobility flows will extend economic integration of the countries involved via human capital development and are most likely to increase present and future economic flows in a tangible way.

JEL Classification
J24: Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
F22: International Migration
I23: Higher Education and Research Institutions
Keywords: Educational Economics | Human Capital | Tertiary Education | Student Mobility | Foreign/International Student | Linear Regression Analysis | CART Algorithm
 
REFERENCE
1. Agiomirgianakis, G. (2006). European Internal and External Migration: Theories and Empirical Evidence in Zervoyianni, A., Argiros, G. and Agiomirgianakis, G. (Eds.), European Integration, Palgrave (Macmillan) Press Limited, Hampshire, UK, chapter 10.
2. Agiomirgianakis G., Lianos, T. and Asteriou, D. (2004). Foreign Universities Graduates in the Greek Labour Market. International Journal of Finance and Economics 9, 151-164.
3. Agiomirgianakis, G. and Asteriou, D., (2001). Human Capital and Economic Growth: Time Series Evidence in the case of Greece. Journal of Policy Modelling, 23, 481-489.
4. Altbach, P.G. and Knight, J. (2007). The Internationalization of Higher Education: Motivations and Realities. Journal of Studies in International Education 11, 290-305.
5. Bologna Follow Up Group (2003). Bologna Process between Prague and Berlin. Report, Berlin.
6. Breiman, L., Friedman, J.H., Olshen, R. and Stone C.J. (1984). Classification and Regression Tree. Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole Advanced Books & Software, Pacific California.
7. ESIB (The National Unions of Students in Europe) (2007). Promoting Mobility. A Study on the Obstacles to Student Mobility: Berlin.
8. European Students’ Union (2009). Bologna with Students Eyes: Leuven.
9. Eurostat (2009a). The Bologna Process in Higher Education in Europe. Key indicators on the social dimension and mobility: Luxemburg.
10. Eurostat (2009b). Key Data on Education in Europe 2009. European Commission: Brussels.
11. EUROSTUDENT III (2008). Social and Economic Conditions of Student Life in Europe. Bielefeld.
12. HEFCE (2004). International Student Mobility. Sussex.
13. Guruz, K. (2008). Higher Education and International Student Mobility in the Global Knowledge Economy. State University of New York Press, Albany.
14. Kehm, B.M. (2005). The Contribution of International Student Mobility to Human Development and Global Understanding. US-China Education Review, 2, 1: 18-24.
15. Kelo, M., Teichler, U. & Wächter, B. (2006a). EURODATA. Student Mobility in European Higher Education. Bonn, Germany.
16. Kelo, M., Teichler, U., Wächter, B. (2006b). Toward Improved Data on Student Mobility in Europe: Findings and Concepts of the Eurodata Study. Journal of Studies in International Education, 10: 194-223.
17. Lanzendorf, U. and Teichler, U., (2003). Statistics on student mobility within the European Union (European Parliament EDUC 112 EN). Luxembourg City, Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
18. OECD, (2010). Education at a Glance 2010. OECD Indicators: Paris.
19. Ronen, S. and Shenkar, O., (1985). Clustering Countries on Attitudinal Dimensions: A Review and Synthesis. Academy of Management Review 10, 435-454.
20. Szarka, J. (2003). Student Mobility in the EU. European Integration Studies, Miskolc, 2, 2: 123-138.
21. Tremblay, K. (2001). Student mobility between and towards OECD countries: A comparative analysis. OECD International Mobility of the Highly Skilled, Paris: 39-67.
22. Van Bouwel, L. and Veugelers, R. (2010). Does university quality drive international student flows? Working paper, Leuven University.
23. Varghese, N.V. (2008). Globalization of higher education and cross-border student mobility. IIEP, Paris, France.
24. Verbik, L., Lasanowski, V. (2007). International Student Mobility: Patterns and Trends. Report of the Observatory of borderless higher education, London, UK.
Editorial Office
Center for Economic Integration, Sejong Institution, Sejong University, 209, Neungdong-Ro, Gwangjin-Gu,
Seoul, 05006, Korea
TEL : +82-2-3408-3338    FAX : +82-2-3408-3338   E-mail : jei@sejong.ac.kr
Browse Articles |  Current Issue |  For Authors and Reviewers |  About
Copyright© by Center for Economic Integration. All right reserved.