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Journal of Economic Integration 2009 September;24(3) :385-407.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11130/jei.2009.24.3.385
The Effect of ASEAN Economic Integration on Foreign Direct Investment
Normaz Wana Ismail
Peter Smith and 
Maurice Kugler 
University Putra Malaysia
University of Southampton
University of Southampton Harvard University
Copyright ©2009 Journal of Economic Integration
ABSTRACT

The primary concern of this study is to highlight AFTA's roles in increasing ASEAN countries' attractiveness for FDI from members and non-members, noting that the agreement has been followed by many packages to enhance FDI flows into the region. The time period cover in this study is after the AFTA has been implemented (1995 to 2003). The gravity model is employed in this study in the analysis based on cross section and panel data analysis. There are two main effects are considered in this study, namely the effects of REI on intra-regional FDI flows and on extra-regional FDI flows. The major finding of this study is the ASEAN5 invest in each other less than they invested in the new ASEAN members. The empirical results from extra-regional-FDI revealed that the European countries increase investment in ASEAN than any other region in the sample. Moreover, further investigation also found that the USA and Japan invested more in ASEAN5 than in the new ASEAN members.

JEL Classification: F000, F150, F210

Keywords: ASEAN | AFTA | foreign direct investment | gravity model
 
REFERENCE
1. Aitken, B. and Harrison, A.(1999), "Do Domestic Firms Benefit from Direct Foreign Investment? Evidence from Venezuela", American Economic Review, 89(3), pp. 605-18.
2. Altomonte, C.(1998), "FDI in the CEEC's and the Theory of Real Options: an Empirical Assessment", Discussion Paper 76/1998 LICOS Centre for Transition Economics.
3. Altomonte, C.(2004), "Regional Economic Integration and the Location of Multinational Enterprises", Centro di Ricerca sui Processi di Innovazione e Internazionalizzazione.
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