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Journal of Economic Integration 2003 September;18(3) :607-625.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11130/jei.2003.18.3.607
Industrial Growth and Dynamic Externalities: the Case of Sweden
Rasha Gustavsson (formerly Torstensson) 
Lund University
Copyright ©2003 Journal of Economic Integration
ABSTRACT
This study examines the relevance of various theories of knowledge spillovers and growth using a data set on geographic concentration, diversity and competition in 24 counties in Sweden between 1977 and 1996. The results suggest that local competition as opposed to urban variety and regional specialization seems to encourage employment growth. Thus, the evidence is largely consistent with parts of the hypotheses proposed by Porter and Jacobs, but the MAR theory does not receive empirical support based on the evidence presented in the present study. JEL Classifications: O50, R10
Keywords: D
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